Revisiting Dual Language, Six Years Later: A Study on Educators’ Perceptions of Dual Language Effectiveness from Pre-Kinder through Third Grade in Spain
San Juanita G. Hachar , Ed. D.

This researcher reported on a three-week visit to Spain in 2008, for initial views of what was occurring in Spain in the area of bilingual/dual language programs. At the time of the original report, Spain was initiating a strong push for English in the schools, as required by the European Union because of Spain's reluctance to implement English. This report is a follow-up study for more in-depth observations conducted in 2014 over a three week visit, too. Instead of looking only at the language program at each school, in this report, the researcher expands on observations to look at the general and specific comparisons noted between Spain public schools and those in the United States of America.

Full Text: PDF      DOI: 10.15640/ijll.v3n2a2