E.M. Forster’s A Passage to India: Cultural Traumas and Deformed Interracial Relations
Dr. Rashed Daghamin

Abstract
The celebrated widely read literary masterpiece, A Passage to India by E. M. Foster, offers us the opportunity to realize the pictures of the English brutality, bigotry and racial discrimination perpetrated on the indigenous Indians. The results of the ideological closure of racism are guilt and destruction on the personal and social levels. Forster‟s A Passage to India is a living classic example of how different races and cultures, when forced to intermingle with each other, interracial conflicts and misunderstandings emerge. The ramifications of these clashes have a vehement impact on both the colonized and the colonizer; the ruled and the ruler, the Indians and the Anglo- European expatriates. Through the story of Dr. Aziz, Cyril Fielding, Mrs. Moore and Adela Quested, the excruciating interracial relationship and mutual trust between the two races, the Anglo- Indians and the indigenous native Indians, during the colonial period is noticed. A critical reading of the novel manifests multiple motifs and symbols of divisions, separateness, fences, conflicts and gulfs. The relationship of the colonizers and the colonized creates some bitter differences and big gaps that cannot be bridged. Forster explores the colonizers‟ racist attitudes, who believes in authority, domination and submission. This research paper, however, is an attempt to explore the deformed interracial relationship as well as cultural clashes between the Anglo- Indians and Indians: the masters and the slaves, the superior and the inferior, the Westerns and the Orientals. It also highlights the problematic relationships between the colonizer and the colonized in a colonial context. Moreover, the paper examines the racist stereotypes with which the second class citizens are depicted. This study critically appreciates and analyzes the dichotomy between two nations of different racial, cultural, linguistic and religious backgrounds. The paper furthermore focuses on the distorted relationships established between the British colonizers and the Indians in the city of Chandapore, it besides highlights the contrast between the Indian and the Western way of thinking. The emphasis is placed upon the major characters in the novel: the Indian physician, Dr. Aziz, and the English educationist, Cyril Fielding, as the actions revolve around their relationships. The paper aims at bringing out racial and inter-racial conflicts as well as cultural and ethnic traumas between races, between Indians and the English. The racial and ethnical patterns in A Passage to India (1924) shall be examined.

Full Text: PDF      DOI: 10.15640/ijll.v7n1a21